Situated in a park-like area with broad steps leading to its impressive facade, the National Palace Museum houses the world richest collection of Chinese art treasures. Completed in 1965, the new building is of classical palatial design, yet conforms to the requirement of a modern museum. Glazed green tile roofs with decorated yellow ridges and light yellow walls accentuate the graceful lines of the building, while the interior walls are marble. Designed by top architects, the four stories cover 7,040 square meters of floor space, providing eight galleries, 16 display rooms, a lecture hall, offices and a library. The building is air-condition for the comfort of the visitor, and the best precautionary measures for the protection of the art treasures against earthquakes, typhoons and humidity have been taken consideration in its construction.

Various collections , formerly belonging to the China palaces at Peiping, Ruhol and Shenyang , are the accumulated court treasures of several dynasties. Previously reserved only for the pleasure and edification of the royal household, they are now in the care of the National Palace Museum of the Republic of China. It is the function and aim of the Museum to see to their preservation ,to make the best use of the valuable collection in classifying and arranging objects for display and to conduct specialize research to emphasize the long history of the nation. There are nearly a total of a quarter of a million items in the entire collection and a tunnel warehouse , 180.45 meters long and 3.6 meters wide , dug into the mountain behind the Museum provides safe storage against all hazards. Some 3,000 items are on display , and materials are periodically changed so that visitors may see different objects and paintings ,some of which have never been shown publicly.